Back to President George W. Bush
Bush's Presidential debates with John Kerry in 2004 provided an unexpected and rich set of potential medical observations of Bush, including eye blinking, jaw thrusting, mouth spittle, and jacket bulging BELOW. The significance of these observations is currently unknown, but they are recorded here should something develop later (even decades later).
- In the third debate a bit of spittle was lodged in the right corner of Bush's mouth for several minutes. There are potential medical causes for this, but there is no other reason to believe Bush is so afflicted.
- Video frames extracted from the first debate unimstakably show something underneath Bush's jacket in his upper back. Dr. Zebra has seen second-hand reports of official denials that it was a bullet-proof vest. Other possibilities include a medical device (such as an orthopedic brace [note history of back surgery in past] or defibrillator pad), a non-medical device, or a bad shirt day. The "Bush bulge" has been found in other pictures taken at other times. ;; Dr. Zebra concludes that it must be a deliberate placement, ;; because surely someone would have noticed and corrected so obvious ;; an accidental bunching of clothes before appearing in front of the cameras.
- In the second debate Bush was blinking his eyes at a furious rate.
Rapid eye blinking has been associated in the medical literature 3 with mental tasks such as memory use and speech, as well as with clinical states such as dry eyes, tardive dyskinesia, Tourette syndrome, schizophrenia, autism, and combined depression and sleep deprivation 1. (More generally, eye blinking has been described as a useful clinical sign of central dopaminergic activity 3.)
Eye blinking can also increase when a person is lying or when in uncomfortable or unpleasant situations 2. (For further examples, see Richard Nixon and George H. W. Bush.) Eye blink "storms," which Bush certainly had, have been described as "the mind's way of shutting out unpleasant stimuli" 2.
- Bush made repeated lateral to-and-fro movements of his jaw during the debate. Such movements are also noticeable in video made on the campaign trail (e.g. 29 October 2004). It is unclear whether this is just a [new?] habit or whether it results from an underlying physiological condition.
At the time of the debates, Bush had decided to defer his 2004 annual physical until after the election. Thus, these observations evoked a level of concern and discussion larger than one would have expected.
- Ebert D, Albert R, Hammon G, Strasser B, May A, Merz A. Eye-blink rates and depression. Is the antidepressant effect of sleep deprivation mediated by the dopamine system?. Neuropsychopharmacology. 1996; 15: 332-339. Pubmed 8887987.
- Jaret, Peter. Blinking and thinking. In Health. July/August 1990; 4(4): 36-37.
- Karson CN. Spontaneous eye-blink rates and dopaminergic systems. Brain. 1983; 106: 643-653. Pubmed 6640274.
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This page last modified March 05, 2013.